This Day In History – May 15th
This Day In History is a daily feature on The Beat Chicago
There have been thousands of these days in the past and more to come.
Each day of the week we look in the rearview mirror for a look back in time. Let’s go back in time to all the events, birthdays and more that have happened on May 15th in the past.
We’re here to help you remember everything you forgot so what could be better than a history of events that have happened on this day!
Each day of the week, The Beat Chicago takes you back through the years to see all the birthdays, heavenly birthdays and major events that have impacted life here on Earth on this day in history.
Click here and we’ll take you for a detailed trip back in time in our Backspin section. Our Backspin section takes you back in time highlighting all the biggest events of each year.
We start Backspin in 1970 and go all the way to 1999. We’ve cataloged all the biggest news stories, top movies, TV shows, sporting events and more to help you remember everything you forgot or, help you learn something you didn’t know.
Let’s go back in time to see everything that happened on this day in history
908 – At the age of 3, Constantine VII, the son of Emperor Leo VI the Wise, is crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire by Patriarch Euthymius I at Constantinople.
1252 – Pope Innocent IV issues the papal bull ad extirpanda, which authorizes, but also limits, the torture of heretics in the Medieval Inquisition.
1525 – Insurgent peasants led by Anabaptist pastor Thomas Müntzer were defeated at the Battle of Frankenhausen, ending the German Peasants’ War in the Holy Roman Empire.
1536 – Anne Boleyn, Queen of England, stands trial in London on charges of treason, adultery and incest; she is condemned to death by a specially-selected jury.
1567 – Mary, Queen of Scots marries James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, her third husband.
1672 – 1st copyright law enacted by Massachusetts
1718 – The world’s first machine gun is patented
1776 – The Fifth Virginia Convention instructs its Continental Congress delegation to propose a resolution of independence from Great Britain, paving the way for the United States Declaration of Independence.
1791 – Maximilien Robespierre proposes the Self-denying Ordinance in France
1793 – Diego Marín Aguilera flies a glider for a little over 1100 feet, at a height of 20 feet, during one of the first attempted manned flights.
1800 – King George III of the United Kingdom survives an assassination attempt by James Hadfield, who is later acquitted by reason of insanity.
1817 – Opening of the first private mental health hospital in the United States, the Asylum for the Relief of Persons Deprived of the Use of Their Reason (now Friends Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania).
1849 – The Sicilian revolution of 1848 is finally extinguished.
1850 – The Bloody Island massacre takes place in Lake County, California, in which a large number of Pomo Indians are slaughtered by a regiment of the United States Cavalry.
1862 – President Lincoln signs a bill into law creating the United States Bureau of Agriculture. It is later renamed the United States Department of Agriculture.
1862 – First baseball enclosure opens at Union Grounds, Brooklyn
1869 – In New York, Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton form the National Woman Suffrage Association.
1891 – Pope Leo XIII defends workers’ rights and property rights in the encyclical Rerum novarum, the beginning of modern Catholic social teaching.
1897 The Scientific-Humanitarian Committee is founded in Berlin by Magnus Hirschfeld, the first-ever LGBT rights organization
1905 – Las Vegas is founded when 110 acres (0.45 km2), in what later would become downtown, are auctioned off.
1911 – In Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. United States, the United States Supreme Court declares Standard Oil to be an “unreasonable” monopoly under the Sherman Antitrust Act and orders the company to be broken up.
1925 – Al-Insaniyyah, the first Arabic communist newspaper, is founded.
1928 – Walt Disney character Mickey Mouse premieres in his first cartoon, “Plane Crazy”.
1932 – In an attempted coup d’état, the Prime Minister of Japan Inukai Tsuyoshi is assassinated.
1933 – All military aviation organizations within or under the control of the RLM of Germany were officially merged in a covert manner to form its Wehrmacht military’s air arm, the Luftwaffe.
After fierce fighting, the poorly trained and equipped Dutch troops surrender to Germany, marking the beginning of five years of occupation.
1933 – 1st voice amplification system to be used in US Senate
1934 – US Department of Justice offers $25,000 reward for Dillinger, dead or alive
1940 – Richard and Maurice McDonald open the first McDonald’s restaurant.
1941 – Joe DiMaggio begins a 56-game hitting streak.
1942 – A bill creating the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) is signed into law.
1948 – Following the expiration of The British Mandate for Palestine, the Kingdom of Egypt, Transjordan, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia invade Israel thus starting the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.
1951 = AT&T becomes the 1st US corporation to have a million stockholders after young car salesman Brady Denton purchases 7 shares worth $1,078
1953 – In his first world heavyweight title defense, Rocky Marciano KOs former champion Jersey Joe Walcott in the 1st round at Chicago Stadium
1957 – At Malden Island in the Pacific Ocean, Britain tests its first hydrogen bomb in Operation Grapple.
1958 – The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 3.
1960 – The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 4.
1963 – Peter, Paul & Mary win their 1st Grammy (If I Had a Hammer)
1963 – The launch of the final Mercury mission, Mercury-Atlas 9 with astronaut Gordon Cooper on board. He becomes the first American to spend more than a day in space, and the last American to go into space alone.
1968 – Paul McCartney & John Lennon appear on Johnny Carson Show to promote Apple records, Joe Garagiola is substitute host
1970 – President Richard Nixon appoints Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth P. Hoisington the first female United States Army generals.
1970 – Philip Lafayette Gibbs and James Earl Green are killed at Jackson State University by police during student protests.
1970 – France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
1972 – The Ryukyu Islands, under U.S. military governance since its conquest in 1945, reverts to Japanese control.
1972 – In Laurel, Maryland, Arthur Bremer shoots and paralyzes Alabama Governor George Wallace while he is campaigning to become president.
1973 – California Angel Nolan Ryan’s 1st no-hitter beats KC Royals, 3-0
1987 – The Soviet Union launches the Polyus prototype orbital weapons platform. It fails to reach orbit.
1988 – After more than eight years of fighting, the Soviet Army begins to withdraw 115,000 troops from Afghanistan.
1991 – Édith Cresson becomes France’s first female Prime Minister.
1997 – The Space Shuttle Atlantis launches on STS-84 to dock with the Russian space station Mir.
2008 – California becomes the second U.S. state after Massachusetts in 2004 to legalize same-sex marriage after the state’s own Supreme Court rules a previous ban unconstitutional.
BORN ON THIS DAY
1859 – Pierre Curie, French physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate, passed in 1906
1900 – Ida Rhodes, American mathematician, a pioneer in computer programming, passed om 1986
1902 – Richard J. Daley, Chicago Mayor, passed in 1976
1905 – Abraham Zapruder filmed the Kennedy assassination, passed in 1970
1909 – James Mason, actor, producer, and screenwriter, passed in 1984
1918 – Eddy Arnold, singer-songwriter, and actor, passed in 2000
1936 – Anna Maria Alberghetti, actress and singer
1937 – Trini Lopez, singer, guitarist, and actor
1940 – Lainie Kazan, actress
1942 – K. T. Oslin, singer
1943 – Freddie Perren, songwriter, producer, and conductor. passed im 2004
1948 – Brian Eno, recording artist
1952 – Chazz Palminteri, actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1953 – George Brett, Hall of Fame baseball player
1956 – Dan Patrick, sportscaster
1980 – Josh Beckett, baseball player